Regional Appraisal Services, Inc. has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
What is an appraisal?
What is an appraisal?(See list of FAQ's) The procedure of performing an appraisal consists of an investigation which forms an opinion of value. There are three "common approaches to value" which assists the real estate appraiser conclude this opinion or valuation. One of the three is the Cost Approach - which is how much capital would be required to replace the improvements, minus physical deterioration and other factors, plus the land value. Another of the methods is the Sales Comparison Approach - which concerns discovering a comparison to other similar properties within a close vicinity which have recently sold. Usually, the Sales Comparison Approach is the most accurate indicator of market value of a house. The third approach is the Income Approach, which is of most importance in appraising income producing properties - it deals with estimating what an investor would pay based on the capital generated by the property.
What does an appraiser do?(See list of FAQ's) An appraiser produces an unbiased and well substantiated determination of market value, in the support of real property exchanges. Appraisers document their investigation in appraisal reports.
Why would someone need services from Regional Appraisal Services, Inc.?(See list of FAQ's) There are a lot of reasons to order an appraisal from Regional Appraisal Services, Inc. with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Other reasons for obtaining an appraisal report include:
How is an appraisal different than a home inspection? (See list of FAQ's)Appraisers do not do provide residential property inspections and are not home inspectors. A third-party home inspector will judge the structure of the house, from the top to the bottom. Commonly, a home inspection report will explain the amenities and the requirements of the home: air conditioning (weather permitting), electrical systems, the condition of the heating system, the plumbing; then the structural integrity of the home such as the attic, visible insulation, walls, floors, ceilings, windows, then the foundation, basement and visible structures.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(See list of FAQ's) Simply, they share nothing in common. The CMA utilizes market trends to conduct most of their business. An appraisal is based on comparable sales that can be validated by records. The appraisal report will also include area and building prices. A CMA delivers a "ball park figure." Being a documented and carefully investigated opinion of value, appraisals are defensible and stand up in legal situations.
But the most significant factor is the person doing the report. Real estate agents, who may not have a complete understanding of valuation methods or the entire market, create CMA's. The appraisal is produce by a licensed, certified professional who has made a career out of valuing properties. Moreover, the appraiser is an unbiased party, with no vested interest in the value conclusion, unlike the real estate agent, who gets a commission based upon the price of the home.
What can I expect to see in my appraisal report? (See list of FAQ's)The main purpose of an appraisal document is to let the reader know the value of the real estate in question, and depending on the scope of the report, you'll usually see the following:
Upon completion of the appraisal, what assurance is there that the value conclusion is veritable?(See list of FAQ's) In communicating an appraisal report, each appraiser must ensure the following:
Who do appraisers work for?(See list of FAQ's) Mortgage lenders are an appraiser's typical customer, requesting their services to ensure property involved in a mortgage transaction is enough to cover a loan balance in the case of default. Appraisers also provide opinions for legal settlements, tax matters and investment decisions.
Where does an appraiser get the data used to estimate values in Saint Louis County or other areas?(See list of FAQ's) Compiling data is one of the primary things an appraiser engages in. Data can be described as either Specific or General. Specific data is taken from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specifics are noted by the appraiser while on site.
General data is collected from a numerous places. To research recently sold homes to be used as "comps", an appraiser will often use the local Multiple Listing Service. Tax records and other public documents reveal actual sales prices in a market. Flood zone data is retrieved from FEMA data outlets, such as a la mode's InterFlood product.
And most importantly, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from creating appraisals for other properties in the same market.
What can a full appraisal do for me?(See list of FAQ's) An appraisal is a valuable tool whenever the value of your home is relevant to a financial decision. When selling your home, an appraisal will help you determine the most appropriate price. When buying, be sure you're not overpaying by getting an independent appraisal. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a house is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Without knowing its real value, wise financial decisions are impossible.
What exactly is PMI and how can I get rid of it?(See list of FAQ's) PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance. It protects the lender in case a borrower defaults on the loan and the value of the house is less than the balance of the loan. Once you reach the point where your home's equity plus the amount you've paid is at least 20% of your loan balance, you can have your PMI dropped.
How do I get ready for the appraiser?(See list of FAQ's) The first step in most appraisals is the home inspection. During this process, the appraiser will come to your home and measure it, determine the layout of the rooms inside, confirm all aspects of the home's general condition, and take several photos of your house for inclusion in the report. The best thing you can do to help is make sure the appraiser has easy access to the exterior of the house . Trim any bushes and move any items that would get in our way while we measure the structure. Indoors, make sure the appraiser can easily access appliances like furnaces and water heaters.
You can make the inspection go faster and improve the accuracy of the appraisal report by having the following things on hand:
What is "Market Value?"(See list of FAQ's) In real estate appraising, Market Value (as opposed to Fair Market Value) is commonly defined as:
Does the appraisal belong to the bank or the consumer?(See list of FAQ's) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is entitled to a copy of the report - it's usually bundled with all the other closing documents - but is not entitled to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
This rule doesn't apply when a home owner hires an appraiser directly. In these situations, the appraiser may define how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can do whatever they want with the appraisal.
Are some home improvements more worthwhile than others?(See list of FAQ's) This really depends on where the home is. For example, adding a central air conditioner in to a home in the South may add significant value, while putting one in a home near the Pacific Northwest might not have much impact.
As a rule, the best ROI from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. According to one national survey, kitchen remodels returned an average of 88% of the investment. In other words, a $10,000 kitchen remodeling project would add approximately $8,800 to the value of the home. Bathrooms weren't far behind, returning 85%. On the contrary, something that may not increase your value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.